|Finance minister Arun Jaitley (right) being welcomed during the launch of pilot branches of India Post Payments in New Delhi on Monday.|
Thursday, February 2, 2017
New Delhi: India Post Payments Bank (IPPB) launched on Monday by the Union finance minister Arun Jaitley is the second payments bank to commence its operation in the country after Airtel Payments Bank (APB), which was launched on January 12.
IPPB has been set up as a 100% Indian government-owned public limited company under the department of posts with the aim to open around 650 new branches in postal district headquarters.
Currently, the department of posts has an existing network of around 1,55,000 post offices. The new branches will be co-located with the existing post offices.
On Monday, it launched services on a pilot basis in Raipur and Ranchi.
APB, on the other hand, is a joint venture between phone services provider Bharti Airtel Ltd and Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. The payments bank went live with a network of 250,000 banking points. In the pilot phase, the bank added over 1 million customers, according to a statement by the company.
As mandated by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), the new model of banking focuses on providing basic financial services such as all kinds of payments; including social security payments, utility bill payments, remittance services, current and saving accounts up to a balance of Rs1 lakh, distribution of insurance, mutual funds, pension products and acting as business correspondent to other banks for credit products especially in rural areas and among the underserved segments of the society.
However, there are distinct differences in the business models of both the payments bank. Mint compares the charges levied and interest rates offered by both the payments banks for rendering different services, including deposits and withdrawals.
APB charges Rs5 to Rs25 for cash withdrawals less than Rs4,000 and 0.65% of the withdrawal amount which is equal to or greater than Rs4,000. IPPB does not charge anything for cash withdrawals from its branches and ATMs. However, it charges Rs15-35 for rendering doorstep banking (cash based) for both deposits and withdrawals up to Rs10, 000.
The remittance charges levied by both the banks also differ. APB lists charges for transactions made through internet banking, through the app and USSD (Unstructured Supplementary Service Data) or *99# whereas IPPB also recognizes transactions through NEFT (National Electronic Funds Transfer), IMPS (Immediate Payment Service), AEPS (Aadhaar enabled payments system) and UPI (Unified Payments Interface).
Only transactions up to Rs10, 000 is permitted through AEPS which is free. According to IPPB, banking charges at branch and doorstep for each NEFT based transaction ranges from Rs2.5-5 and Rs5 is charged for every transaction via IMPS.
APB charges 0.5% of the amount transferred within its payments bank whereas 1% of the amount transferred is charged for transfer of funds from APB to other bank accounts through banking points.
Customers of IPPB can withdraw amount up to Rs10,000 from an ATM in a single transaction and up to Rs25,000 per day. APB, on the other hand, has set Rs10 as the minimum cash withdrawal amount, there is no clarity on the upper limit to cash withdrawals.
APB offers an high interest rate of 7.25% p.a. on deposits on savings accounts which is higher than the interest rate offered by traditional banks on fixed deposits.
IPPB’s interest rates have been fixed as 4.5% if the quarterly average balance is up to Rs25,000, 5% if it is between Rs25,000 and Rs50,000, and 5.5% if above Rs50,000/-.